Assault in the first degree is a crime that can carry major consequences for the victim, and for the offender. If you are charged with this offence, or if you know someone who is, then it is important to know what constitutes first degree assault, and what the penalties might be. Here is what you need to know about first degree assault.
There are two types of first degree assault. The first is when great bodily harm is caused, and the second is when a correctional service worker or a police officer is assaulted using deadly force. For the first type, it is pretty self-explanatory. If you cause significant harm to someone else, then you can be charged with first degree assault. For the second, it applies when someone uses or tries to use deadly force while the officer is on duty.
For both types of first degree assault, the maximum penalty is 20 years in prison or a maximum fine of $30,000. The offender may be penalized with both. However, offenders aren’t always sentenced to the maximum penalties, but time is jail is usually a consequence. After serving an appropriate time of the sentence or paying the fine, the offender will be placed on probation, and must follow all rules that apply. If not, they will be in breach of their probation and may face more jail time or hefty fines.
Outside of the legal penalties, being charged or convicted of first degree assault can have drastic and long-lasting effects on the offender for the rest of his or her life. First off, if the case goes to trial, it will take a toll on the emotional and financial well-being of the accused. Trying to get a job after being convicted of such a crime can be difficult as well, as employers are legally able to ask applicants if they have ever been convicted of a crime. This type of offense will appear on criminal background checks as well.
Assault in the first degree is a very serious crime in Minnesota. Call a lawyer if you or a loved one is charged with this, or any other, crime.